White Fraxinus americana


Shown with water-based finish (top), and oil-based finish (bottom)

Shown with water-based finish (top), and oil-based finish (bottom)

Color: Heartwood is light tan to dark brown; sapwood is creamy white. Similar in appearance to White Oak, but frequently more yellow.

Grain: Bold, straight, moderately open grain with occasional wavy figuring. Can have strong contrast in grain in plainsawn boards.

Species & Grade Variations: Sometimes confused with Hickory; the zone of large pores is more distinctive in Ash, similar to that of Red Oak.


Hardness (Janka): 1320; 2% harder than Northern Red Oak.

Dimensional Stability: Above average (change coefficient .00274; 26% more stable than Red Oak).

Durability: Elastic, hard; excellent shock resistance. Remains smooth under friction.


Sawing/Machining: Good machining qualities.

Sanding: Sands satisfactorily.

Nailing: Good holding ability; good resistance to splitting.

Finishing: No known problems. Stains well.


(Relative to plain sawn select Red Oak)
Multiplier: 1.20


Moderately available.