Ipé, Tabebuia spp
Color: Can vary from light yellowish tan with green overtones to almost blackish brown; exhibits a large range of coloration when freshly milled; darkens over time to medium to dark brown.
Grain: Fine to medium, straight to very irregular.
Species & Grade Variations: Fine to medium, straight to very irregular.
Hardness (Janka): 3680 (185% harder than Northern red oak).
Dimensional Stability: Average (8.0; 7% more stable than Northern red oak).
Sawing/Machining: Difficult, especially with hand tools.
Sanding:Difficult. The wood is dense and oily. Scratches are easily seen—each sanding must carefully remove the scratches from the previous cut, or sanding marks will be visible in the finish.
- First Cut: 40 or 50 at a 7-15 degree angle with the grain
- Second Cut: 60 or 80 straight with the grain
- Third Cut: 80 or 100
- Hard Plate: 100 or 120
- First Screen: 100
- Second Screen: 120 or 150
Nailing: Predrilling and hand-nailing may be preferred.
Finishing: Test all products before using them on the actual floor. Oil-modified finish will require a lengthy dry time. Successful techniques include using a moisture-cure urethane sealer and a waterborne topcoat, or burnishing and sealing with a shellac-based sealer, then applying wax or oil and wax.
Comments: Often used as a decking material. Has been known to cause contact dermatitis.