Existing hardwood floors can be refinished for a variety of reasons

  • Wood floors are hidden under carpet
  • Wood floors may be dirty, scratched, dented
  • Wood floors may be refinished to achieve a new color scheme


Floor is rough sanded to remove the old finish that is on the surface. In the case of top nailed or surface nailed floors, each nail is set by hand prior to sanding. Then areas that are appropriate or requested by customer are filled. Filler must be allowed to dry. Once filler is dry the floor is sanded again with a finer sandpaper to remove any excess filler and to smooth out rough sanding marks. Next a very fine sandpaper is used for the final sanding. The floor is then ready for a stain color or the first coat of finish and left to dry. After drying the floor is buffed and thoroughly cleaned between each coat.

Types of finishes:

Oil-modified urethane

This is easy to apply. It is a solvent-based polyurethane that dries in about eight hours. Polyurethane could amber.

Water-based urethane

Finishes are clear and non-yellowing. They have a milder odor and usually dry in about two to four hours.

Penetrating Stain and Wax

Finish soaks into the pores of the wood and hardens to form a protective penetrating seal. The wax gives a low-gloss satin sheen. It is generally maintained with a solvent-based wax (never water based). Buff with a paste wax or cleaning liquid specifically make for wax finish wood floors and add an additional thin application as needed.


Multiple coats of oil soak in the pores of the wood and buffed into the pores of the wood.